Royal Commission final report presented to the Governor-General

12th January 2013, Sydney - Former Prime Minister of Australia, the Hon. Julia Gillard MP pictured with Margaret Humphreys CBE, OAM

12th January 2013, Sydney - Former Prime Minister of Australia, the Hon. Julia Gillard MP pictured with Margaret Humphreys CBE, OAM

The following statement was made by Margaret Humphreys, International Director of the Child Migrants Trust:

“Today the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse delivered its final report.  It makes shocking reading.  

The Child Migrants Trust is proud to have been a key stakeholder in the most significant inquiry into the sexual abuse of children.  

Australia leads the world on this issue.  The Commissioners have our huge respect for their courage and tenacity.   We look forward to its conclusions being implemented after due consideration.”
 

26th March 2015 - Former Child Migrants gather for the Royal Commission hearings in Sydney

26th March 2015 - Former Child Migrants gather for the Royal Commission hearings in Sydney

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Gordon Brown tells inquiry that 2,000 forgotten child migrants must be compensated over abuse

Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown - Thursday 20th July 2017

Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown - Thursday 20th July 2017

BY THE OFFICE OF GORDON AND SARAH BROWN JULY 20, 2017:

In what he says could be “the worst national sex abuse scandal in numbers, length of time unchecked and geographical scope”, Gordon Brown says migrant children who suffered horrific attacks before and after being sent to Australia and other Commonwealth countries should be compensated before they die.

The former Prime Minister, who today gave evidence to the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, says he has become aware of so many cases he describes as “grave, horrifying and sickening”.

And he has demanded that a current Government minister must appear before the inquiry to explain why no further action has been taken since he made an apology on behalf of the UK in 2010.

He says the 2,000 child migrants – who are still alive – need not just an apology but proper redress and compensation.

Mr Brown said: “Children were denied a childhood, an identity, a family and any sense of belonging. That violation of human rights led to the 2010 apology I made on behalf of the UK.

A group of British children arrive in Australia in 1947

A group of British children arrive in Australia in 1947

“Many, some as young as three – and this was happening as recently as the 1970s – were sent abroad, often having been falsely told their parents were dead.

“But, given the new evidence of sexual abuse, our apology told only half of the story.

“The sheer scale of sexual abuse of British-born girls and boys could be worse than in the Savile scandal and further children’s homes outrages we are aware of.

”Clearly, successive governments have failed in a duty of care.”

In February, 2010, Mr Brown, who was then Prime Minister, apologised on behalf of the nation to the child migrants.

More than 130,000 UK children, some as young as three, were sent abroad to former colonies such as Australia from the 1920s to the 1960s with the promise of a new life.

Instead, they were often left vulnerable to cruelty and, in many cases, physical, emotional and sexual abuse.

After campaigning by the Child Migrants Trust – headed by Dr Margaret Humphreys who has done amazing, extraordinarily-detailed and compassionate work over three decades revealed this – and an apology by the then Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, Mr Brown said in 2010: “To all those former child migrants and their families, we are truly sorry. You were let down.”

At the time Mr Brown also announced £6million for the Family Restoration Fund to help reunite former child migrants with their families.

Yesterday, however, Mr Brown said that the 2010 apology told only half of the story and he urged the inquiry: “Because we failed in our duty of care, it is now time to compensate the 2,000 child migrants still alive.

“In Australia, a national redress scheme may offer up to 150,000A$ to abused migrants. It is for Australian and other Commonwealth countries to compensate for the failure to protect and prosecute when children came to their country.

“In the recent Northern Ireland Inquiry, compensation has also been recommended. At a minimum, we should match Northern Ireland in what would be a £40million fund for national redress.

“And a UK Government minister should now come before the inquiry to explain how, as a country, the new evidence since 2010 was not acted upon and how we will offer remedy.

“My apology seven years ago was for the gross inhumane violation of rights by forcibly removing children, depriving them of identity, family and any sense of belonging.

“An unknown but clearly large number of these children were subjected to horrific assaults sometimes before, sometimes during, but in the main after they left the UK.

“Because successive governments failed in what I call their duty of care these 2,000 surviving migrants all need and deserve redress.

“And a serving cabinet minister needs to explain why governments, since 2010, have failed to act on the horrifying new evidence we now have.”

Mr Brown told the inquiry that 1,000 families have been reunited since 2010.

He added: “Many more want to be brought together before they die. There are 100 on a waiting list to come to the UK to meet their families and the Child Migrants Trust must continue to be able to bring migrants to reunite families. So in addition to the redress they need guaranteed funding for at least another five years

‘It is clear that the Australian and UK apologies in 2009 and 2010 led to a willingness to talk and brought out into the open, after 2010, the vast scale of sexual and other abuse.

“The inquiry has to put in place procedures that must ensure such abuse and violation never happens again.”

The article can be accessed here

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U.K. Apology to former Child Migrants - 7th Anniversary

PM_Theresa_May_Official_Photo.jpg

To mark the occasion of the 7th Anniversary of the UK Government apology to Britain's former Child Migrants, Prime Minister Theresa May said:

“We must never forget the harm caused to child migrants and the distress caused to thousands of families who were unjustly broken up by the child migration schemes.

“While we cannot undo their suffering, we owe it to victims and survivors to continue to learn from the mistakes of the past.

“That is why, seven years on from the National Apology, I am pleased hundreds of families have been reunited through the Family Restoration Fund and that the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse is currently investigating allegations of child sexual abuse in the British child migration programmes.”

The video links below show the 2010 statement by Gordon Brown and the response of Harold Haig, Secretary of the International Association of former Child Migrants and their Families:

 

 

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The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse – the first public hearings for the Child Migration Programmes

On Monday 27 February 2017, the first public hearings connected to the Child Migration Programmes case study began in London, as the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) heard evidence in public for the first time.

IICSA was established as a statutory inquiry on 12 March 2015 to consider the growing evidence of institutional failures to protect children from child sexual abuse, and to make recommendations to ensure the best possible protection for children in future. It has launched thirteen investigations into a variety of institutions as part of the first phase of its work, and as part of the “Protection of Children Outside the United Kingdom” investigation, IICSA took the decision to divide such investigation into a number of narrower case studies. This includes the subject of the hearings that begin on 27 February 2017: a case study investigating institutional failings of organisations based in England and Wales relating to the sexual abuse of children involved in Child Migration Programmes.

A summary of IICSA’s background statement relating to Child Migration Programmes and associated child sexual abuse can be found here.

The Child Migrants Trust, along with other entities and individuals, has been designated as a ‘core participant’. This is a formal role, as defined by legislation, and affords core participants with special rights in IICSA’s processes, including the disclosure of documentation and being represented and making legal submissions during IICSA’s hearings.

As some former child migrants prepare to give their testimony to the Inquiry in the following two weeks, the Child Migrants Trust will be supporting them as they tell the people of Britain what happened to them so that lessons can be learnt and justice delivered.

The Inquiry proceedings were live-streamed online and the recordings can be viewed here.

For all media relations queries, please contact Alex Barros-Curtis, telephone: 07877 065866

About the Child Migrants Trust
 

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Past Prime Minister Gordon Brown's news item today

In 2010 I made an official apology to former child migrants sent abroad - my apology was incomplete

Many of these 4,000 child migrants were also sexually abused and we owe it to all of them to hold responsible those to blame

For the full article please click here

In response, Margaret Humphreys, International Director of the Child Migrants Trust says:

"Gordon Brown apologised to all former Child Migrants and their families in 2010 on behalf of the nation.  After apology must surely follow truth and justice.

The British Child Migration Schemes cast a very long, dark shadow over the lives of thousands of young British children, their families and our country too.

At last, their testimony will be given to the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA).

Child Migrants have waited all their lives for this opportunity to bear witness to their Country.  We must surely listen, learn lessons and deliver justice."

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Victoria Wood CBE

It is with great sadness and sorrow that we learnt of the death yesterday of Victoria Wood, the award winning British comedian, actress and writer.

The human legacy of the child migration schemes was featured in Victoria Wood's 2007 documentary for BBC1, “Victoria’s Empire”. Filming in Melbourne included an interview with Harold Haig, former Child Migrant and Margaret Humphreys, CMT's International Director.

Our thoughts are with Victoria Wood’s family, friends and colleagues at this time.

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U.K. Apology to former Child Migrants - 6th Anniversary

The Prime Minister, David Cameron, said:

“Six years ago the nation apologised to child migrants for their suffering.   The anniversary is an opportunity to remind ourselves why that apology was needed.  That is why I am pleased that, since October, the Museum of Childhood, in its exhibition about child migrants, has been helping us to remember and to help newer generations of children learn about the past.  

I am also pleased that, in the five and a half years since the Family Restoration Fund was established, over 900 people have been helped to be reunited with their loved ones.”

Rt Hon Gordon Brown said: 

“Six years today the historic apology was made by me on behalf of the British people and by Kevin Rudd on behalf of the Australian people. As I have said before, I know that time does not lessen the pain or diminish the widespread sense of injustice—nor will it ever do so to our satisfaction.

From the 1920s to the 1960s 150,000 children were torn from their families and sent thousands of miles from home on the promise of a better life. The Royal Commission in Australia has taken evidence of serious abuse of our children both in Australia and in residential homes within the UK prior to being sent to the other side of the world.  This confirms the validity of the apology and warns us to be ever vigilant in safeguarding vulnerable children.

The Family Restoration Fund we established in 2010 has enabled over 900 visits by men and women who were Child Migrants to meet with their families, many for the first time following a lifetime of enforced separation. This means that former child migrants can take part in family gatherings and visit their relatives who are ill. The oldest traveller is 92 years old, showing that the desire to meet one's family does not diminish with age nor does the need to do so end at an arbitrary date. I believe strongly that as a nation we must continue to support the families who have suffered and do so for as long as they wish.

As I said in 2010: "we cannot change history, but I believe that by confronting the failings of the past we can show we are determined to do all we can to heal the wounds"."

The video links below show the 2010 statement by Gordon Brown and the response of Harold Haig, Secretary of the International Association of former Child Migrants and their Families:

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BBC Radio 4 - Woman's Hour

Actor, Eleanor Bron talks about her recent role in the play "Forget Me Not" at London's Bush Theatre, alongside Margaret Humphreys, director of the Child Migrants Trust. “Forget Me Not" examines the consequences of the policy of sending so called 'vulnerable' British children to Australia in the 50's and 60's, many of whom then grew up in appalling conditions.

Click here to listen to this broadcast.

 

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'Forget Me Not' play opened at the Bush Theatre, London

The longest journey home this Christmas…

In Australia, Gerry hopes to meet his mother for the first time. Despite being almost sixty, he has spent his whole life believing he’s an orphan.

In Liverpool, Mary brews a good, strong pot of tea. Nothing posh. But she’s as nervous as a pig at a butcher’s.

Determined to uncover his past, Gerry and his daughter Sally embark on an extraordinary journey home – halfway across the world – in a precarious bid to bring their family together.

Through a programme created by the British Government and eagerly supported by an Australia in the throes of its ‘White Australia’ policy, between 1945 and 1968 over three thousand British children were told they were orphans and sent to Australia on a promise of warmth, fresh air, abundant food and opportunity. Instead they arrived to deprived institutions where neglect and abuse were the norm. Tom Holloway’s tender new play unearthed a secret buried by time that, in turn, exposed a world of historical injustices currently in the limelight.

This European premiere was directed by HighTide’s award-winning Artistic Director, Steven Atkinson and ran from 8th December 2015 to 16th January 2015.

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Apology to former residents of Fairbridge Farm

The NSW Government apologises to British child migrants sent to Fairbridge Farm School in New South Wales as part of the British child migration policy:

Mr MIKE BAIRD (Manly—Premier, and Minister for Western Sydney): "As the Speaker has mentioned, we have with us in the House today former residents of Fairbridge Farm. I am not sure if every member of Parliament has read the details of what the former residents of Fairbridge Farm have been through, but everyone would be broadly aware of the challenges they have faced. Today I want to place on record the apology I have made to each and every one of the former residents of Fairbridge Farm on behalf of the people of New South Wales. It is something we cannot really put into words.

It is something which tears our hearts apart.

We want to tell those former residents of Fairbridge Farm just how sorry we are. So I will read to the House what I have said to them previously.

I speak on behalf of every member of this House—every Labor Party member, every Independent member, every member of The Greens and every member on this side of the House—in making this apology from the Parliament. I thank each and every one of the former residents of Fairbridge Farm who have come to Parliament House today. I know that they have endured suffering we cannot imagine and I know that coming here today would have taken a special kind of strength. I want to thank them for their courage and for sharing their stories.

On behalf of the State of New South Wales, I want to recognise all former child migrants who attended Fairbridge Farm in Molong, New South Wales. They arrived here as vulnerable and trusting children whose parents wanted nothing more than a better life than the one they could offer. They were not given the future they were promised or the childhood they deserved. They were betrayed by the people whose job it was to protect them; and they were betrayed by this State, which did not ensure their safety. I recognise these wrongs knowing that it will not bring back the childhood they were robbed of.

I acknowledge the harm and the lifelong effects Fairbridge Farm has had on former residents and their families. I acknowledge the burden many of them carry each and every day as a result of their experiences. I am, and we all are, deeply, deeply sorry. Every child has the right to grow up knowing they are loved and wanted. The residents of Fairbridge Farm were not given that opportunity, and we acknowledge the lifelong impact their experience at Fairbridge has had on their relationships, health and employment. This apology is not enough, but I hope that it will go some way to help with their healing. And while it does not undo the damage done, I hope they can gain some comfort from the fact that we live in a very different world today. We now understand far more comprehensively the deep impact abuse and trauma has, and we will never rest when it comes to protecting the fundamental rights of children.

I want to acknowledge all of the former residents of Fairbridge Farm here today, as well as their friends who are no longer here. I want to pay particular tribute to the immense strength and courage Ms Giles and Ms Drady showed in bringing this claim on behalf of others. It has taken too long and the State should have managed the civil litigation process so much better. Thank you for having the courage to share your stories; they have touched me, and they have touched all of us, very deeply. I can promise that we will not forget any of you. Again, we are deeply, deeply sorry; and I want to assure you that institutions like Fairbridge Farm will never happen again."

Members and officers of the House stood in their places as a mark of respect.

© State of New South Wales through the Parliament of New South Wales.

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Renewed calls for inquiry into abuse of British children ‘trafficked’ to abusive institutions

New exhibition at V&A Museum of Childhood draws attention to the plight of British child migrants

Andy Burnham MP, Shadow Home Secretary and Former child migrants renewed calls on the Prime Minister for a full judicial inquiry into their treatment as a new exhibition into their plight opens at the V&A Museum of Childhood.

The International Association of former Child Migrants has been campaigning for a judicial inquiry to investigate why they were trafficked as children from the UK to Commonwealth countries without their parents' knowledge or consent. 

The forced deportation of an estimated 100,000 British children, some as young as four years old, continued until 1970. 

Many of the children suffered abuse in UK institutions and were then deported to abusive, understaffed orphanages where they endured further torture, criminal assaults and unspeakable acts of brutality. 

Their call for a full judicial inquiry is supported by the Child Migrants Trust, as further evidence emerges. 

This new exhibition On Their Own: Britain’s child migrants begins at the V&A Museum of Childhood from 24 October 2015 until 12 June 2016.

In June 2015, 150 former students at the Fairbridge Farm school in New South Wales, which was mainly attended by British children, won $(AUS)24m for abuse which took place between 1938 and 1974. The settlement was the largest for survivors of child abuse in Australia’s legal history.

Testimony from former British child migrants has been given to the Australian Royal Commission into institutional responses to child sexual abuse which is now investigating the response of authorities to allegations of child sexual abuse across Australia. 

In the UK, Parliament launched a Health Select Committee inquiry into Britain’s Child Migrants in 1997. However, the Chairman of the inquiry, former Labour MP for Wakefield, David Hinchliffe, told the Times last year that the inquiry was “grossly under-resourced and ill-prepared for the circumstances we uncovered”.

The British Government made a public apology to child migrants and their families in 2010. Speaking at that time, Prime Minister Gordon Brown said:

“Children as young as three were sent alone to the farthest corners of the world. The names and birthdays of some were deliberately changed so that it would be impossible for families to reunite. Some were dispatched without the consent of their mother or father. 

“Indeed many parents did not know their children had been sent to foreign shores at all – they had no idea where you were, no way of bringing you home. And this cruel and unnatural practice was, not so much transportation as deportation – deportation from your mother country.”

Margaret Humphreys CBE, OAM who founded the Child Migrants Trust, endorsed the call for a full judicial inquiry to establish how children were selected in the UK and sent to Australia to face further abuse, given the clear degree of deception and cover up that has devastated so many British families. 

She said: “It is vitally important that the British Government investigates allegations of childhood abuse in UK institutions, how those children were selected then trafficked to endure further abuse in Australia.

“The Government should now begin a full judicial inquiry into how thousands of our British children, many with families in the UK, were forcibly set abroad without their families to face appalling brutalities on the other side of the world.”

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Fairbridge Anniversary, Vancouver Island, Canada

Former U.K. Child Migrants meet today to mark the 80th Anniversary of the establishment of the Prince of Wales Fairbridge Farm School near Cowichan Station, Vancouver Island.

Margaret Humphreys, International Director of the Child Migrants Trust, recently met in the U.S.A. with Roddy Mackay, President of the Fairbridge Canada Association, to discuss the Family Restoration Fund and other post-apology developments and concerns.

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Breaking News: A Record Settlement At Last

Our readers have been following with interest, anger and sorrow the historic abuse disclosures over years in relation to the Fairbridge Farm Schools. 

Former Child Migrants sent to Fairbridge Molong, Australia from the United Kingdom as part of the discredited child migration polices have been awarded $24million, the highest compensation settlement in Australian history. 

There has been a six year legal battle with many obstacles placed in the way causing more hardship for those already living with a lifetime of injustice. The New South Wales and Federal governments and the Fairbridge Foundation should have resolved this issue at a much earlier stage. 

The British Government apologised to Former Child Migrants and their families in 2010 when the former Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, underlined 'this shameful episode...this failure in the first duty of a Nation: to protect its children'. 

Margaret Humphreys said: 'This has been a long time coming. I informed the British and Australian Governments in 1987 of the abuse at Fairbridge in New South Wales.  'Lost Children of The Empire', the book and documentary screened in 1989 also raised the plight of former child migrants and the urgent need for official action.' 

The International Association of former Child Migrants and their Families are restating their call for a judicial inquiry into Britain's child migration schemes, where all roads lead back to Westminster. 

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U.K. Apology to Former Child Migrants - 5th Anniversary

The Prime Minister, David Cameron, said:“Five years ago the nation apologised to the children that were separated from their loved ones and experienced terrible suffering.  Today we remember those children and the nation’s apology.

“Although we cannot undo the wrongs that were done, we can help to repair the damage. That is why we established the Family Restoration Fund, which has helped nearly 800 people to be reunited with their loved ones.  I was pleased to be able to announce this year that the Fund will be extended to 2017, so that many more can be helped.”

Rt Hon Gordon Brown MP said:
It is five years since the historic apology was made by me on behalf of the British people and by Kevin Rudd on behalf of the Australian people. Time, however, does not lessen the pain of former Child Migrants or diminish our sense of injustice—nor will it ever do so to our satisfaction.

Yet we can do more to help those people who have suffered. This year, I have campaigned for the extension of support to cover the whole decade and beyond.  The Family Restoration Fund was set up in 2010 and has now helped nearly 800 former Child Migrants reunite with their families.  With your powerful case to back us up, we have succeeded in securing support until at least 2017.

From the 1920s to the 1960s 150,000 children were torn from their families and sent to former colonies on the promise of a better life.  All too often, these children suffered abuse while their families faced the cruelty of separation from their sons and daughters.  We as a nation must continue to support these families for as long as they wish.  As I said in 2010,"we cannot change history, but I believe that by confronting the failings of the past we can show we are determined to do all we can to heal the wounds".

Former MP and Chair of the Health Select Committee, David Hinchliffe said:
"When I retired from Parliament, nearly ten years ago, justice for the former British child migrants was, for me, very much unfinished business.  I recognised that we had made some progress - particularly with many former migrants being re-united with their families - but fundamental questions about how such a scheme could come into being remained unanswered.

The apology from our Prime Minister five years ago was a significant step forward but the former migrants and their families deserve a great deal more.  How could it be that, at a time when the British state was introducing important legal reforms in the way it looked after children in care, successive British governments were transporting thousands of such children to the other side of the world and abandoning responsiblity for them?

This crucial question, as well as numerous more about the abuse, ill treatment and exploitation of many of the former migrants in their host countries must, as a matter of urgency, be addressed through an independent judicial inquiry into the child migrant schemes.  On both sides of the world we are urgently addressing the issue of historic child abuse and the plight of our former child migrants should be a key part of this process."

The video links below show the 2010 statement by Gordon Brown and the response of Harold Haig, Secretary of the International Association of former Child Migrants and their Families:

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Bob Simon, CBS 60 Minutes II

It is with great sadness and sorrow that we learnt of the tragic death in New York yesterday of Bob Simon, the award winning news correspondent for the CBS 60 minutes programme "The Lost Children".

Bob was known, loved and respected by many former Child Migrants for his powerful and sensitive documentary work in 1999, which exposed Britain’s child migration schemes to an American audience. 

Our thoughts are with Bob's family, friends and colleagues at this time.

 

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Former Child Migrants to attend Rededication Service

Former child migrants will attend a memorial service on the banks of the River Trent in Nottingham on Tuesday 7th October as Nottinghamshire County Council rededicate a national memorial to Britain's child migrants.

Several former child migrants who have travelled from Australia to visit the United Kingdom to rebuild their relationship with the families will attend the event, which will include a tree planting ceremony.

From 1947, thousands of child migrants, some as young as three, were shipped to Australia from Britain into abusive, substandard institutions described as more like concentration camps than children's homes. 

Most child migrants deported during the post war years were sent to Australia without their parents' knowledge or consent.

Nottinghamshire County Council played a vital role in supporting specialist independent services for child migrants during the early years of the Child Migrants Trust, when central government was slow to recognise the needs of former child migrants. 

Their initiative ensured that hundreds of child migrants were able to reclaim their identities and find their families. The Child Migrants Trust continues to be based in Nottingham.

John Hennessey, a former child migrant sent to Australia in 1947 who will be at the ceremony, described Nottinghamshire County Council as 'the conscience of the world on child migration.'

Norman Johnston, President of the International Association of former Child Migrants and their Families said: 

“Child migrants and our families across the world owe a great debt of gratitude to Nottinghamshire. Without their support, we would not have had the lifeline of the Child Migrants Trust.  When no government was prepared to face up to their responsibilities, Nottinghamshire carried the torch on the scandal of child migration.”

The role of Nottinghamshire County Council and former social worker, Margaret Humphreys, in exposing the truth around child migration, was portrayed in the film Oranges and Sunshine released in 2011 starring Emily Watson. 

The film also featured Hugo Weaving as a former child migrant finding out about his past. His character Jack was partly based on Harold Haig.

Mr Haig died in 2012 and his son and granddaughters are bringing his ashes from Australia to be scattered on the banks of the Trent after the ceremony.

The British Government formally apologised to child migrants and their families in 2010. Speaking at that time, Prime Minister Gordon Brown said:

“Children as young as three were sent alone to the farthest corners of the world. The names and birthdays of some were deliberately changed so that it would be impossible for families to reunite. Some were dispatched without the consent of their mother or father.

“Indeed many parents did not know their children had been sent to foreign shores at all – they had no idea where you were, no way of bringing you home. And this cruel and unnatural practice was, not so much transportation as deportation – deportation from your mother country.”

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